macuiltecpanpixqui (MH500v)

macuiltecpanpixqui (MH500v)

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This example of iconography refers to the occupation macuiltecpanpixqui. It shows a Nahua man, standing in profile view, facing toward the viewer's right. He is dressed in European fashion, as Indigenous governing officers were wont to do. His two arms are out in front of him. The gloss provides the interpretation.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The gloss refers to the 5 x 20 (i.e. 100) tribute payers that this ward boss had the job of overseeing. The number 100 may suggest the increasing influence of the decimal system that was introduced through Spanish colonialism. However, the counting by twenties (here, five twenties) shows some life clearly remaining in the vigesimal system, and counts of 100 were also clearly possible in the old system.

A link to another example, of someone who oversaw only twenty tribute-paying families, appears below. If one follows the link to the centecpanpixqui and looks at the contextualizing image, one will see that this man is not shown in full body, and he is not wearing European clothing the way the macuiltecpanpixqui does. Perhaps the greater authority required to watch over 100 tribute payers came with higher prestige.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

macuiltecpā pixq~

Gloss Normalization: 


Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood and Stephanie Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 
Other Cultural Influences: 

twenties, veintes, tributarios, sistema vigésimo, sistema décimo

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Guardián de los 100

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 500r, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).