centecpanpixqui (MH535r)

centecpanpixqui (MH535r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph for the occupation of centecpanpixqui, the “guardian over twenty [tribute payers],” is a banner that stands for the number twenty (centecpantli). From the context image, we can see that it is being held up by a man named Antonio Xoxouhqui, whose name glyph is a circle filled in with turquoise-colored paint.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

While we do not have a gloss explaining the banner in this example, there are other examples in the manuscript of guardians who oversaw either twenty or one hundred tribute paying families. The one overseeing one hundred, shown below, wears European style dress, which this one, overseeing twenty, does not. It is interesting that these figures are often pictured as parts of couples, with a woman's head facing toward her husband. The man, however holds the flag, or is otherwise given somewhat more attention, such as having a name glyph, while the woman does not. Also included as a comparison, below, is the flag with the Roman numerals "xx" next to it, reinforcing the reading of twenty. It is important to keep clear the difference between panitl or pamitl (found more in Tetzcoco), terms that are used for the phonetic value of "pan" or "pa," and tecpantli, which has a numerical value (although it can also refer to agricultural rows). Gordon Whittaker (personal communication, 2023) clarifies the usage of these kinds of terms.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood


tribute guardian, tributos, veintes

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

guardián Sobre veinte [tributarios]

Image Source: 
Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: