Matlactli (MH553v)

Matlactli (MH553v)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph for the personal name Matlactli (“Ten,” attested here as a man’s name) shows a wide diamond shaped quatrefoil with a thick black line and no colorant in the center. There was a gloss for this name, but it was crossed out, and the Roman numeral X was added to the right of the glyph.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

In many codices this symbol is a notation, and perhaps here it is, too, except that if this is the man's name, nothing is being counted, per se. It is possible that this was once a calendrical name and the day sign (from the 260-day divinatory calendar, the tonalpohualli) has disappeared or been suppressed over time. But calendrics were an important part of Nahuas' religious views of the cosmos.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzinco, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

José Aguayo-Barragán and Stephanie Wood


numbers, números, ten, diez

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 


Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 533v, World Digital Library.

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: