Mixcoatl (MH490r)

Mixcoatl (MH490r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the compound glyph for the personal name Mixcoatl has two principal elements. One, on the left, is a cluster of three small clouds (mixtli). On the right, and seemingly coming swirling out of the clouds, is a coiled serpent. Its head is shown in profile, eye open, looking to the viewer's right. It has spots and a rattler on its tail

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The shape and arrangement of this representation of Mixcoatl emphasizes movement. Might it relate to a whirlwind or tornado coming out of the sky, in the shape of a coiled snake? According to Sahagún, it was a divine force among the Chichimecs, and carried a powerful significance for the Nahuas. Some scholars have seen it as a divinity associated with hunting, others as part of a Tlaloc complex (of clouds, rain, lightning, etc.), and others as a symbol for a whirlwind (remolino). The Florentine Codex states that Mixcoatl was the only deity of the Chichimeca.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

thomas miscovatl

Gloss Normalization: 

Tomás Mixcoatl

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Heujotzinco, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

José Aguayo-Barragán

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

snakes, serpents, serpientes, nubes

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Serpiente de las Nubes

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 490r, World Digital Library. https://www.loc.gov/resource/gdcwdl.wdl_15282/?sp=59&st=image

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: 
See Also: