Nahui Ocelotl (TR15v)

Nahui Ocelotl (TR15v)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This combined simplex glyph and notation produces the date Four Jaguar (Nahui Ocelotl). It is boxed in, as dates often are, with red lining. Nahui Ocelotl is a day sign in the 260-day divinatory calendar called the tonalpohualli. Calendrics played a significant role in Nahuas' religious views of the cosmos.

Inside the box a four circles painted turquoise blue. The ones are not in a straight line; they are three across the top and one hanging down. Below and to the left of the ones is the head of a jaguar, shown in profile and facing toward the viewer's right. Its coat is orange with small black spots. Its ears are short and have a black edging. Its eye is white, wide open, and has a black eyebrow. Its mouth is slightly open, with white teeth showing, and a long red tongue protruding. At the animal's neck is a yellow scalloped edging, as though the head has been severed. Below that appears to be some red and yellow organs exposed.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Organs, as shown below, typically come in red and yellow. Scalloped yellow edges can suggest a severing, such as can be seen in the severed part of the tree of Tamoanchan (also below). The autonomous-era sculpture of the divine force of Coyolxauhqui, who was cut into many pieces, has these scalloped edges all over it. For more on red and yellow interiors, see the article on the left navigation bar.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 

ca. 1550–1563

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

organs, severing, órganos de cuerpo, bordes cortados, días, days, fechas, dates, calendarios, calendars

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

nahui, four,
ocelo(tl), a jaguar (Felis onca), or an ocelot (Felis pardalis),

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Cuatro-Jaguar, o 4-Jaguar

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Telleriano-Remensis Codex, folio 15 recto, MS Mexicain 385, Gallica digital collection,

Image Source, Rights: 

The non-commercial reuse of images from the Bibliothèque nationale de France is free as long as the user is in compliance with the legislation in force and provides the citation: “Source / Bibliothèque nationale de France” or “Source / BnF.”