nahui yohualli (Azca12)

nahui yohualli (Azca12)

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This example of iconography contains four glyphs for yohualli (night) and three glyphs for ilhuitl (day), suggesting a term of three days and four nights during which a comet or shooting stars (popocacitlalin) appeared in the sky. The comet has an elongated, vertical, wavy outline that contains all these glyphs plus some additional dotted (perhaps more distant) stars (citlalin)and, at the lower end, is one more very large star, drawn in European stylistics and painted yellow. The only other color in the comet is found in the red portions that alternate with white in the spiraling outer rings of the ilhuitl signs. The glyphs for night have four small circles within a larger circle, just a bit smaller than the outer circles of the day signs.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The night glyphs almost look like half-peso coins (worth four tomines), although this is just a coincidence.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

nauh yohual

Gloss Normalization: 

nahui yohualli (or nauhyohual)

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

post-1550, but content about the migration from Aztlan to about 1527

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

perhaps Tlatelolco, Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood


cometas, noches, días, cielo

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

cuatro noches

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

The Codex Azcatitlan is also known as the Histoire mexicaine, [Manuscrit] Mexicain 59–64. It is housed in the Bibliothèque Nationale de France, and hosted on line by the World Digital Library and the Library of Congress.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Library of Congress is “unaware of any copyright or other restrictions in the World Digital Library Collection.” But please cite Bibliothèque Nationale de France and this Visual Lexicon of Aztec Hieroglyphs.