Citlalpopoca (Mxnus43)

Citlalpopoca (Mxnus43)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the compound glyph for the personal name Citlalpopoca (“He Smokes Like a Star” or "He Is a Comet"). The name attested here as a man’s name, and this person is probably named after the famous Citlalpopoca who was one of four rulers in Tlaxcallan. Here, the hieroglyph shows a star with eight points, drawn in a European fashion. Black smoke arises from behind the star.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The contextualizing image shows that Citlalpopoca is dead, given that he is wrapped in a shroud that is tied on.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

ca. 1590

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

central Mexico

Semantic Categories: 
Writing Features: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 
Other Cultural Influences: 

cometas, estrellas humeantes

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

Citlalpopoca, a name of a famous ruler in Tlaxcala, and a name taken by other people up to the present day,
citlal(in), star(s); when combined with popoca, a comet,
popoca, to smoke,
citlalin popoca, a comet that lasts a long time, a smoking star,

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Él Emita Humo como una Cometa, o El Cometa

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: This image is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library, but the manuscript is part of the holdings of Bibliothèque nationale de France and the original source is

Image Source, Rights: 

The non-commercial reuse of images from the Bibliothèque nationale de France is free as long as the user is in compliance with the legislation in force and provides the citation: “Source / Bibliothèque nationale de France” or “Source / BnF.”

Historical Contextualizing Image: