Nauhecatl (MH736r)

Nauhecatl (MH736r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph for the personal name Nauhecatl (“Four Wind” or “4-Wind”) is attested here as a man’s name. It is a calendrical name, which combines the day name ehecatl (here spelled ecatl) meaning the divine force of the wind. Here, this deity is represented by a buccal mask attached to the tribute payer’s mouth. It is shown in profile, facing toward the viewer’s right. Nahuas believed that the deity blew wind through the mask. Above the mask are four (nahui) dots, which provide the numerical companion to the day name. These names were drawn from the religious divinatory calendar (tonalpohualli) of 260 days.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Where we have an accessible gloss, we are retaining the spelling of ecatl, which is what most tlacuilos preferred. However, when it is a calendrical name such as this one, we know it is intending ehecatl.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

fuerza divina del viento, números, nombres de días, cuatro, mascarillas, tonalpohualli, calendarios, fechas, nombres de hombres

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Cuatro Viento, o 4-Viento

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 736r, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: