Nauhecatl (MH834r)

Nauhecatl (MH834r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph plus notation for the personal name Nauhecatl (or Nahui Ehecatl, "4-Wind," attested here as a man’s name) shows the glyph for Ecatl (air, breath) or Ehecatl (wind, or the divine force of wind). The anthropomorphic head, facing toward the viewer's right, has the buccal mask that looks like a duck beak and is meant to suggest the device that Ehecatl used for blowing wind around. On the cheek appears a vertical sign for the phonetic syllable "hua" (or perhaps "hui" here) in the number nahui or the short form here, nauh. On the top of the head appear four vertical lines. These provide the number four.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

This is a calendrical name from the religious divinatory calendar of 260 days called the tonalpohualli. The person with this name was likely born on the day Four Ehecatl, with ehecatl being the day name. Sometimes, by 1560, these calendrical name were losing either the day sign or the number, but this one is complete.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

dio navecatl

Gloss Normalization: 

Diego Nauhecatl

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood


días, fechas, calendarios, viento, deidades, fuerzas divinas, aliento, aire, cuatro, nombres de hombres

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Cuatro Viento, 4-Viento

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 834r, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: