Ome Acatl (CQ)

Ome Acatl (CQ)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This compound glyph-notation shows the solar year Two Reed (Ome Acatl, or Omacatl). Two small circles in the upper left corner are red and yellow, and they represent the number two (ome). The reed (acatl) is part plant, part arrow. The arrow penetrates the A-0 Mixtec glyph for year at an angle. The upright A shape is turquoise blue and the horizontal 0 shape (entwined with the A shape) is red. The cane of the acatl is yellow the leaf on either side is a dark green, and the feathers decorating the front of the arrow are red.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Ome Acatl is not just a year date. According to Magnus Pharao Hansen, the name Omacatl, which was a name held by Nahua men in what is now Morelos, for example, has an association with the deity Tetzcatlipoca. [See his blog from 2014, "Nahuatl Names: The Nahuatl names in the 1544 census of Morelos."] Calendrics were an important element in the Nahuas' and Mixtecs' religious views of the cosmos.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

covers ruling men and women of Tecamachalco through 1593

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

southern Puebla state

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood and Randall Rodríguez

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 
Other Cultural Influences: 

numbers, números, two, dos, years, años, calendarios, calendars, reeds, los carrizos, las cañas, xiuhpohualli, año, turquesa, xihuitl

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Dos Caña, 2-Caña

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Randall Rodíguez

Image Source: 

The Codex Quetzalecatzin, aka Mapa de Ecatepec-Huitziltepec, Codex Ehecatepec-Huitziltepec, or Charles Ratton Codex. Library of Congress.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Library of Congress, current custodian of this pictorial Mexican manuscript, hosts a digital version online. It is not copyright protected.

Historical Contextualizing Image: