Ome Calli (Mdz2r)

Ome Calli (Mdz2r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This simplex glyph plus notation stands for a solar year (xihuitl) date, Two House, also written 10-House. It has the notation (two ones, ome) on the top and the house or building (calli) below. The notation for the number one (just like many of the multiples) is a circle with a smaller concentrical circle. The standardly rectangular building with the T-shaped beams is a profile view, facing to the viewer's right. The entire date (including the background) is painted a turquoise (xihuitl) color, and it is enclosed in a black line-drawing box (not shown here).

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

A boxed-in date says this refers to a year. The turquoise wash over the date is a visual reminder that these are dates, given that green and blue-green (xihuitl) is a homophone with the word for year (xihuitl). Thus, the paint could be a phonetic indicator for the word "year." Two House, 2-House, or Ome Calli, was a very important year in Aztec history. It was the year that the city of Tenochtitlan, which would become the imperial capital, was founded. This was 1325 C.E.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

dates, fechas, ones, numbers, números, years, años, casas, edificios, arquitectura, houses, buildings, xiuhpohualli, turquesa, xihuitl

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 02 recto,, image 14 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).