Ome Itzcuintli (CQ)

Ome Itzcuintli (CQ)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This is a combined simplex glyph with notation from the Codex Quetzalecatzin. It is a date, Ome Itzcuintli or Two Dog (2-Dog), drawn from the 260-day divinatory calendar, which was called the tonalpohualli. This calendar played a significant role in Nahuas' and Mixtecs' religious views of the cosmos. Two Dog is also the personal name of an elite woman. Just the dog's head shows, and it is in profile facing toward the viewer's right. Its ears are upright, and the tips of the ears are black. Its one visible eye is open, and its mouth appears to be open slightly. The two (ome) dots of the notation are colored red (left) and yellow (right).

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The notation is unusually high above the calendrical glyph. The coloring of the notation may be worth tracking for patterns that may suggest reading order. The three colors of red, yellow, and white for the counters (ones) are used fairly regularly in this manuscript. Of course, these colors are echoed in the colors of maize and in cardinal directions.

Doña Elena Ome Itzcuintli governed Tecamachalco, Puebla, for two years following the rule of doña Lucía de León, who was the widow of don Pedro de Léon. Dona Lucía died in 1569, which is likely when doña Elena's two-year rule began. {See Sebastián van Doesburg, "El mapa de Ecatepec y Huitziltepec," p. 134, for a discussion of these transitions. He gives "doña Luisa" for the name of the widow of don Pedro, but the gloss says Lucía. Perhaps the gloss is incorrect. The full citation to his article appears in our Bibliography.)

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

covers ruling men and women of Tecamachalco through 1593

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

southern Puebla state

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 
Other Cultural Influences: 

two, dos, dogs, perros, names, nombres, dates, fechas, numbers, números, animals, animales, days, días, calendarios, calendars, xiuhpohualli, año, turquesa, xihuitl

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Dos Perro, 2-Perro

Image Source: 

The Codex Quetzalecatzin, aka Mapa de Ecatepec-Huitziltepec, Codex Ehecatepec-Huitziltepec, or Charles Ratton Codex. Library of Congress.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Library of Congress, current custodian of this pictorial Mexican manuscript, hosts a digital version online. It is not copyright protected.

Historical Contextualizing Image: