tlamacazqui (Azca12)

tlamacazqui (Azca12)

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the iconography for tlamacazqui (a type of priest) shows a seated man in profile, facing toward the viewer's right. We know from the gloss that this man is a Mexica (i.e., affiliated with the city of Mexico). He has his knees up under his chin, and his hairstyle is somewhat different from the average male, in that the top part is combed forward and there is a curl at the front. On his back he carries a bird facing upward, held in a cloth bundle tied at the man's throat. The bird is large, emerging with its beak reaching up just above the man's head. The tail of the bird protrudes from below the cloth that holds him, reaching down and away from the man's rear end.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Could the bird be a hummingbird, even if it is exceptionally large when compared to the size of the man carrying it? Michel Graulich suggests this in his publication of the Codex Azcatitlan (1995, v. 1, p. 66.). As the gloss indicates, the context here includes two priests (tlamacazque). The other tlamacazqui is obscured somewhat by the archival stamp. This double presentation of priests may explain the reduplication of the tla- in the gloss.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

tlatlamacazque in Mexica

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

post-1550, but content about the migration from Aztlan to about 1527

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

perhaps Tlatelolco, Mexico City

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood


sacerdotes, bultos, pájaros, religión

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Additional Scholars' Interpretations: 

James Lockhart (The Nahuas, 1992, 120) refers to a name (Teuctlamacazqui), witnessed in a census from the Cuernavaca region (1535–45) in the category "martial and religious."

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

un tipo de sacerdote

Image Source: 

The Codex Azcatitlan is also known as the Histoire mexicaine, [Manuscrit] Mexicain 59–64. It is housed in the Bibliothèque Nationale de France, and hosted on line by the World Digital Library and the Library of Congress.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Library of Congress is “unaware of any copyright or other restrictions in the World Digital Library Collection.” But please cite Bibliothèque Nationale de France and this Visual Lexicon of Aztec Hieroglyphs.

Historical Contextualizing Image: