Tlapal (MH642r)

Tlapal (MH642r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the compound glyph for the personal name Tlapal (perhaps "Little Man") is attested here as a man's name. It shows a man's head in profile, facing toward the viewer's right. A rectangle appears on the side (-tlapal) of his head, which seems to be a phonetic reinforcement to the head that serves the other definition of tlapal ("little man"). But it may also be a bald spot, which could have a different reading.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Another glyph for Tlapal has an oval-shaped hairless patch on the head. Both of these elements remain undeciphered. At least one other Tlapal name glyph shows a writing or painting implement, suggesting that one refers to “Paint” or “Color” (such as red). Several additional glyphs that start with Tlapal- include some red paint (see below). Two of these refer to an ethnicity, Tlapaltecatl, which seems to refer to a person from Tlapallan. Could these glyphs of men with partially shaved heads be a reference to that ethnicity?

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie WOod

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 


Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 

calvo, pelón, al lado, nombres de hombres

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 642r, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: