tlatlauhqui (Mdz51r)

tlatlauhqui (Mdz51r)
Element from a Compound

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This element of a circle full of the color red (tlatlauhqui) has been carved from the compound sign for the place name, Tlatlauhquitepec.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The reference to red is like most color names in this collection, where Gordon Whittaker notes, "color terms themselves are almost always represented by the relevant colors, not by logograms or phonetic spellings." [See Deciphering Aztec Hieroglyphs, 2021, 94–95.] But in this example, the mountain is not just painted red, the circle is added and filled with red to help support the reading. The word for red here involves a reduplication that is retained in the place name where this element appears. And the tepetl (hill or mountain), being also painted red in that compound, might be considered a visual reduplication.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Cultural Content & Iconography: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 

colors, nombres de colores, rojo

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 


Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 51 recto,, image 112 of 118.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).