Tlaxich (MH506v)

Tlaxich (MH506v)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the point of a crossbow arrow or spear point (tlaxichtli), attested here as a man's name ("Tlaxich"), shows a profile view of a jagged point facing downward. The point has three barbs, all on one side.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

For another example of the tlaxichtli with the jagged point, see below. That one does not have any color, and it is pointed downward. Crossbows were introduced into Mesoamerica by Europeans. Some of them fell into Native hands during battles, along with swords, harquebuses, cannon, metal armor, etc. But even when these weapons were not captured and turned on the invaders, the Nahuas were interested in learning about them and the technology they represented. Still, this could be simply another Indigenous type of arrow or spear. The mitl, for example, is a common one. The label of "crossbow arrow" comes from the translation by Alonso de Molina, so further research may be required to be sure that he was correct.

The contextualizing image shows lines on the man's face. Are these lines of concern or perhaps the face paint/tattoos of a warrior?

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

Pedro Tlaxich

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Other Cultural Influences: 

flechas, pasadores, passador, ballestas, guerra, warfare, crowsbows, arrows, proyetiles, tlaxichtli, nombres de hombres

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

posiblemente, Flecha de Ballesta o Passador de Ballesta

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Alonso de Molina

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 506v, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: