tonacati (TR32V)

tonacati (TR32V)

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This multicolored painting is an iconographic example for the verb tonacati, to be a fertile year. It shows two rows of three plants each. These plants are mostly green leaves for what appear to be maize, but one plant has a stalk and an ear of corn, and another plant has one red flower.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Date of Manuscript: 

ca. 1550–1563

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 

año fértil, verbo, maíz

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

tonacati, for the year to be fertile,

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

ser año fértil y abundoso

Spanish Translation, Credit: 


Image Source: 

Telleriano-Remensis Codex, folio 32 recto, MS Mexicain 385, Gallica digital collection,

Image Source, Rights: 

The non-commercial reuse of images from the Bibliothèque nationale de France is free as long as the user is in compliance with the legislation in force and provides the citation: “Source / Bibliothèque nationale de France” or “Source / BnF.”

Historical Contextualizing Image: 
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