Xiuhtepec (Mdz7v)

Xiuhtepec (Mdz7v)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This compound glyph for the place name Xiuhtepec has two dominant features. One is the glyph for year (xihuitl) and the other is the glyph for hill or mountain (tepetl). The locative suffix (-c) is merged with the hill, resulting in -tepec, "on the hill of." The year sign is primarily turquoise in color (which also echoes the place name, given that xihuitl can refer to a turquoise green, and "xiuhtic" is the adjective for something having a turquoise color), with red accents in the center. It has small circles at four points around the perimeter of the concentric circles. The tepetl is the classical two-tone green bell shape with curling rocky outcroppings on the slopes and a yellow and a red horizontal stripe at the base.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, but by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Cultural Content & Iconography: 

cerros, montañas, años, turquesas, xiuhpohualli, turquesa, xihuitl

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 07 verso, https://digital.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/objects/2fea788e-2aa2-4f08-b6d9-648c00..., image 25, of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).

See Also: