Xiuhtli (MH775r)

Xiuhtli (MH775r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph for the personal name Xiuhtli ("Comet") is attested here as a man's name. It shows a wavy, pointed, lightning bolt-like shape. It is half white and half gray the full length of the shape. Surrounding the shape are dots that seem to add motion or vibrance.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

This popular name, Xiuhtli, is linked to the religious calendar of years, because it was a name given to boys born during the time of the binding ceremony at the end of every fifty-two year cycle.

Glyphs for comets very considerably, as the examples below will attest. If we think of a comet as a star with a long tail, moving through the sky, it helps understand the ones that look something like a worm with a head and lots of dots or short lines around it. Another one, however, is a horizontal, multicolored snake. A considerable number simply have turquoise (xihuitl) tesserae, which provide a near homophone as a phonetic indicator.

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

juā . xiuhtli

Gloss Normalization: 

Juan Xiuhtli

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood


cometas, comets, celestial, calendarios, xiuhpohualli, religión, nombres de hombres

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

xiuh(tli), comet, and a name given to a boy born during the binding of the years, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/xiuhtli

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 


Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 775r, World Digital Library, https://www.loc.gov/resource/gdcwdl.wdl_15282/?sp=624&st=image

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: