Xolotl (Mdz21v)

Xolotl (Mdz21v)

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This iconographic example of Xolotl, the divine force or deity associated with fire and lightning, is provided here as a comparison for the examples of Xolotl that are found in hieroglyphs (see below, right). This iconograpnic example has been extracted from a warrior costume. Berdan and Anawalt (The Codex Mendoza, 1992, vol. 1, Appendix F) identify the costume as being associated with Quaxolotl (Cuaxolotl). The extended headdress here, with two layers of long feathers (purple and white and two-tone green) are not seen on the elements from the place names on folios 13 verso and 15 recto of the Codex Mendoza. The yellow and purple, animal-like (or dog-like) head is shown here in profile, facing to the viewer's left, with its eye open and teeth visible. It seems dog-like. The Mexican hairless dog called the xoloitzcuintli has wrinkles.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, but by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Xitlali Torres


deities, deidades

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

Xolotl, fire deity, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/xolotl
xoloitzcuin(tli), the native Mexican (nearly) hairless dog, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/xoloitzcuintli

Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 21 verso, https://digital.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/objects/2fea788e-2aa2-4f08-b6d9-648c00..., image 53 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).