Xoxopehualoc (MH746v)

Xoxopehualoc (MH746v)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the compound glyph for personal name Xoxopehualoc (perhaps “Was Defied”) stands for a man’s name. It includes a circle that suggests the color xoxoqui and a foot that brings to mind xo (similar to “ped” in English, as in pedestrian, pedal, etc.). Together, these two phonograms create the verb xoxopehua, to stand in defiance. The passive indicator (-lo-) is not shown visually.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Glyphs for color names are often circles or rectangles that are colored in with the named color. Here, the circle is not colored because this tlacuilo was working in black-line drawings. Since the translation of the verb has nothing to do with color, the circle serves as a phonogram. See xoxouhqui glyphs below.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Writing Features: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

desafio, negado, círculos, pies, nombres de colores, nombres de hombres

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

xoxopehua, to stand in defiance, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/xoxopehua
xoxouhqui, someone or something painted a blue-green, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/xoxouhqui
xo, foot related, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/xo

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Fue Desafiado

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 746v, World Digital Library, https://www.loc.gov/resource/gdcwdl.wdl_15282/?sp=571&st=image

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: