Yaote (MH777r)

Yaote (MH777r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the compound glyph for the personal name Yaote ("War Captain") is attested here as a man's name. It shows a war shield in black with white trim. This shield often represents the word yaotl (enemy, combatant, or war), although the shape and color of it has evolved considerably from the pre-Hispanic war shields. To the right of the shield and attached to it is an anthropomorphic mouth. The mouth is open, and some teeth are visible. But the reference is to the lips (tentli), a phonetic indicator for the "te" part of the name.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Manuel Orozco y Berra (1880) suggests that the name Yaote (also Yaoten) is a "radical de yaotequihua, capitan de guerra, y tambien los verbos yaotachcauhti, y su sinónimo yaoteca, capitanear en la guerra." Thus, we are translating Yaote as "War Captain."

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

gaspar . yaote .

Gloss Normalization: 

Gaspar Yaote (or Yaoten)

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 
Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

fronteras, bordes, enemigos, combatientes, capitanes de guerra, guerreros, nombres de hombres

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Enemigo-Frontera, o Combatiente-Frontera (_)

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 777r, World Digital Library, https://www.loc.gov/resource/gdcwdl.wdl_15282/?sp=628&st=image

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: