Acapetlatlan (Mdz47r)

Acapetlatlan (Mdz47r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This compound glyph for the place name Acapetlatlan consists of two elements, a standing, vertical, turquoise reed (ācatl) plant contained or superimposed in front of a bird's eye view of a yellow, rectangular, hand-woven mat (petlatl). The locative suffix (-tlan) is not shown visually, but the gloss suggests -tlān (place) over -tlah (place of abundance of).

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The reed (ācatl) appears regularly in glyphs, both because it was a regular feature of the landscape, it was a substance used for thrones, and people slept on reed mats. It was also important because it served as both a day sign and a year sign in the calendar.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

acapetlatlan / puo

Gloss Normalization: 

Acapetlatlan, pueblo

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, but by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

reeds, plants, canes, mats, tules, carrizos, arrows, darts, xiuhpohualli

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

aca(tl), reed plant,
petla(tl), woven mat,
-tlan (locative suffix), place,
-tlah (locative suffix), place of abundance of animal of thing,

Karttunen’s Interpretation: 

"Reed-Mat Place" [Frances Karttunen, "Critique of glyph catalogue in Berdan and Anawalt edition of Codex Mendoza," unpublished manuscript.]

Additional Scholars' Interpretations: 

"Place of Many Reed Mats" (Berdan and Anawalt, 1992, vol. 1, p. 167)

Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 47 recto,, image 104 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).