Apanecatl (MH504v)

Apanecatl (MH504v)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This compound glyph for the personal name (or ethnic affiliation) Apanecatl (perhaps "Canal Person," or someone from a place called Apanco), is attested as a man's name or affiliation here. The name glyph includes two major elements a three-part stream of water (atl) with droplets and shells at the tips, and an upright, white, rectangular flag or banner (panitl) in a profile view, facing the viewer's right. The -ecatl part of the name (affiliation or ethnicity) is not shown visually.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The banner serves a phonetic role, supplying the -pan- of apantli. The water alone could represent apantli, but the flag reinforces this particular reading for water.

There is a famous Apanecatl (also called Quetzalapanecatl) in the Historia Tolteca Chichimeca whose name glyph is a beautiful feathered headdress. [See: Gran Diccionario Náhuatl, https://gdn.iib.unam.mx/diccionario/apanecatl/40798.] Our Online Nahuatl Dictionary mentions that Apanecatl was a teomama, one who carried deities on his back. This name is still known today in Mexico. One web page suggests that the name means "risk taker" (https://www.howtopronounce.com/apanecatl). This translation remains unverified in early manuscripts.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

Andrés Apanecatl

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood and Stephanie Wood

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 
Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Persona del Canal (?)

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 
Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: