Ce Acatl (MH658r)

Ce Acatl (MH658r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph for the personal, calendrical name Ce Acatl (“One Reed,” or “1-Reed,” attested here as a man’s name) shows one, vertical, segmented cane. It has two small, upright leaves, one on each side in this frontal view. From the bottom of the cane or reed is a ring and two volutes curling below to serve as visible roots

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Acatl is both a day and a year sign in the calendar. The ce (one) numerical coefficient that is mentioned in the gloss does not appear in the glyph unless it is implied in the single reed shown. But the earlier glyphs for One-Reed would have had a small circle to indicate the number/notation. Here, the gloss provides the number (ce). By 1560, when this manuscript was made, calendrical names were sometimes losing their numbers. This could have been owing to a suppressive force of the colonial context, where there was concern among the clergy that people were still naming their children according to the divinatory codices and preserving original Indigenous beliefs and practices. Or it could have been an effect of self-censoring, or even forgetting the old system. Below are some examples of calendrical names that are missing their numbers (e.g. Calli) and one where the number is either glossed incorrectly or drawn incorrectly. Calendrics were an important element in the Nahuas' religious view of the cosmos.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

juan çeacatl

Gloss Normalization: 

Juan Ce Acatl

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 

1560

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Syntax (patterns): 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Keywords: 

días, calendarios, nombres de hombres, plantas, cañas, carrizo, xiuhpohualli, año, turquesa, xihuitl

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Uno Acatl, o 1-Acatl

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 658r, World Digital Library, https://www.loc.gov/resource/gdcwdl.wdl_15282/?sp=396&st=image

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: