Chichimecamani (MH490r)

Chichimecamani (MH490r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This simplex glyph is a black-line drawing of a personal name, Chichimecamani ("In the Manner of a Chichimeca") shows head in profile, facing the viewer's right. His eye appears to be closed. His face has intersecting vertical and horizontal lines, perhaps representing face paint or tattoos. The hair on his head comes to just below his ears, and he has bangs. The contextualizing image for this glyph shows that this name or ethnic designation was held by a man, in this case.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The face paint may be associated with the ethnicity of this man, which is apparently Chichimeca, an ethnic designation associated with semi-sedentary people of the North who wore animal skins and were good with bows and arrows. The face paint or tattooing is somewhat reminiscent of the head of the Otomí person (below) in the Codex Mendoza. Also shown below, the people of Xocotitlan seem to have had just horizontal lines on their faces. Additional interesting comparisons are found in the glyphs for Moquihuix and Tlacatecatl.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

xpōval chichimecamani

Gloss Normalization: 

Cristóbal Chichimecamani

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzinco, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Shapes and Perspectives: 

Chichimecas, etnicidades, ethnicities

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

Chichimeca, a culture group from the North, https://nahuatl.wired
mani, in the manner of, like a, https://nahuatl.wired

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 489r, World Digital Library.

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: