Tetzauh (MH795r)

Tetzauh (MH795r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph for the personal name Tetzauh ("Omen" or "Something Frightening") is attested here as a man's name. The glyph is built onto the head of the tax payer in the census. To his face have been aded criss-crossing lines, perhaps face paint.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Glyphs for tetzauh vary widely, as the examples below will show. One glyph appears to be a devil image. Others are more abstract. This is something to track with more examples to see if there are patterns in the variants. Two compound glyphs have a fully phonetic rendering of tetzauh, with a stone and a spindle. These are both from the Matrícula de Huexotzinco, from folios 647 verso and 651 recto.

The face paint could be a type of "othering," meant here to suggest that he is frightening, but further research is required. In other cases, face paint has also been suggested to serve as a "hua" syllable, and here it might be for the final syllable of tezahua.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

miguer tetzauh

Gloss Normalization: 

Miguel Tetzauh

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood


nombres de hombres, aguero, algo espantoso, cara pintada

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 


Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 795r, World Digital Library, https://www.loc.gov/resource/gdcwdl.wdl_15282/?sp=664&st=image

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: