Otonmani (MH560r)

Otonmani (MH560r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the compound glyph for the personal name Otonmani (“Like an Otomí,” attested here as a man’s name) shows a profile view of the head of a person with face paint or tattoos of intersecting lines. Someone has ahold of his hair and is pulling it. The hand (maitl) of the hair-puller could have a phonetic role in the verb mani, which, when combined with an ethnicity is to be like that type of person.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

To pull or cut someone's hair in Nahua culture was a grave insult, a dishonor, and a cause of intense emotion. Sonya Lipsett-Rivera writes about the ritual humiliation of hair pulling in Religion in New Spain, eds. Susan Schroeder and Stafford Poole (2007), 79.

Lipsett-Rivera also discusses how hair pulling was an attack strategy. (See her book: Gender and the Negotiation of Daily Life in Mexico, 1750-1856, 2012, 245.) Thus, it seems this Otomí man is being mistreated or was being captured (see also the tlamani and icali glyphs in this collection). Perhaps he was about to be sacrificed, as the hair of some slaves was pulled out before they were sacrificed.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

marcos . otonmani

Gloss Normalization: 

Marcos Otonmani

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Semantic Categories: 
Writing Features: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 
Other Cultural Influences: 

ethnicities, etnicidades, Otomíes hair, cabello, face paint or tattooing, tatuaje o pintura, pull, pulling, jalar

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Ser a la Manera de un Otomí

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 
Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: