icali (TR34v)

icali (TR34v)

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This example of a skirmish (for which we have arbitrarily chosen the Nahuatl verb icali) shows two men in a 3/4 view, wearing only loincloths, each one reaching up to pull the hair of the other one. The hair on their heads is dark brown or black, and it hangs down just covering the ears. The loincloths are white. The men's skin tone is terracotta.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Grabbing someone by the hair and pulling hair can be found as a glyph for tlamani, one who captures others in war. This collection also contains various examples of hair pulling (see below).

To pull or cut someone's hair in Nahua culture was a grave insult and cause of intense emotion. Sonya Lipsett-Rivera writes about the ritual humiliation of hair pulling in Religion in New Spain, eds. Susan Schroeder and Stafford Poole (2007), 79.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

tuvieron una gran batalla

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 

ca. 1550–1563

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 

batallar, pelear, escaramuzar, hair pulling, tirón de pelo, pull, jalar

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

hubo gran batalla

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Telleriano-Remensis Codex, folio 34 recto, MS Mexicain 385, Gallica digital collection, https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b8458267s/f94.item.zoom

Image Source, Rights: 

The non-commercial reuse of images from the Bibliothèque nationale de France is free as long as the user is in compliance with the legislation in force and provides the citation: “Source gallica.bnf.fr / Bibliothèque nationale de France” or “Source gallica.bnf.fr / BnF.”

Historical Contextualizing Image: