Cocol (MH608v)

Cocol (MH608v)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph for the personal name Cocol (perhaps "Quarrel" or "To Be Entrusted to Another Person") shows the hand of a person off screen grabbing and pulling the hair on the head of a man whose head is only showing. This head is shown in profile, facing toward the viewer's right. This glyph is very similar to the glyph for the name Cocoliloc ("Hated," below); perhaps Cocol is an abbreviated version of the name. This is attested here as a man's name.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

This sign may serve as a rebus-phonogram for the term cocolli, which refers to a quarrel, dispute, or anger and may be what this name really intends. Cocol without the absolutive is identified in our Online Nahuatl Dictionary as meaning "entrusted to another." Yet another possibility is that it is a rebus for grandparents or ancestors (colli). But an image of men with their hair being pulled more likely suggests a quarrel.

To pull or cut someone's hair in Nahua culture was a grave insult and cause of intense emotion. Sonya Lipsett-Rivera writes about the ritual humiliation of hair pulling in Religion in New Spain, eds. Susan Schroeder and Stafford Poole (2007), 79.

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

Juā cocol

Gloss Normalization: 

Juan Cocol

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 

hair pulling, tirar pelo, enojarse, pull, jalar

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Algo Abominable

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 608v, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: