Cocol (MH515v)

Cocol (MH515v)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph for the personal name Cocol (perhaps "Quarrel" or "Entrusted to Another Person," attested here as male) shows an upright object with a curve at the top and a wavy shaft. The curl at the top faces toward the viewer's right. The word colli describes something curved or bent, so this could be a phonetic indicator. Cocolli refers to a quarrel.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The name here has an alphabetic reduplication of the first syllable. It is unclear whether the wavy shaft (elder person's cane?) is enough to show a visualization of the reduplication of the "col" (curvy) element in this name. Such a visualization of reduplication is something we are trying to locate and track.

This sign may serve as a rebus-phonogram for the term cocolli, which refers to a quarrel, dispute, or anger and may be what this name really intends. Cocol without the absolutive is identified in the Online Nahuatl Dictionary as meaning "entrusted to another." Yet another possibility is that it is a rebus for grandparents or ancestors (colli). But note how glyphs for the name Cocoliloc can be like this, a curvy cane or else an image of men with their hair being pulled (suggesting a quarrel).

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

luis cocol

Gloss Normalization: 

Luis Cocol

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood and Stephanie Wood


doblado, curvado, curvo, torcido, ondulado, bent, curved, undulating, wavy

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

cocol, to be entrusted to another person,
col(li), something bent, twisted, or curling,
cocol(li), a quarrel,
cocolia, to detest or hate someone,

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 


Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 515v, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: