Chimalman (Azca9)

Chimalman (Azca9)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph for the personal name Chimalman, (“Like a Shield," attested here as a woman’s name) shows a round shield with a mesh pattern and a plain border. Above the shield is a glyph for a tecpan (royal palace), which may or may not be part of her name. The second part of her name, which some see as "-ma" (from hand, bearer) or, as preferred here, "-man" (from -mani, in the manner of), is not shown visually.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Other manuscripts offer varying designs for the shield associated with this name. The original Chimalman was a famous female leader who helped carry the divine force Huitzilopochtli in the legendary migration from Aztlan. Some see the name as Chimalma, with the second part coming from the stem for word for hand (maitl). In a couple of examples in this collection, the name ends without the final "n," which may have dropped away inadvertently in examples such as this one. The suffix -man (from -mani), in the manner of, is a more common ending for a personal name than -ma.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

Chimalman (mujer)

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

post-1550, but content about the migration from Aztlan to about 1527

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

perhaps Tlatelolco, Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood


escudos, rodelas, armas, guerra, nombres de mujeres, migraciones, Aztlan

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Al Estilo de una Rodela, o Portadora de un Escudo

Image Source: 

The Codex Azcatitlan is also known as the Histoire mexicaine, [Manuscrit] Mexicain 59–64. It is housed in the Bibliothèque Nationale de France, and hosted on line by the World Digital Library and the Library of Congress.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Library of Congress is “unaware of any copyright or other restrictions in the World Digital Library Collection.” But please cite Bibliothèque Nationale de France and this Visual Lexicon of Aztec Hieroglyphs.

Historical Contextualizing Image: