Chimalman (MH507v)

Chimalman (MH507v)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph of a shield (chimalli) stands for the personal name Chimalman ("Like a Shield"). The name is also seen elsewhere as Chimalma, but the final "n" may have inadvertently dropped away in those cases. The shield, shown in a frontal view, has a two circles (concentric), a fringe at the bottom, and a rendition of the very popular cuexyo design (see examples below). This one has a curving dividing line between one U at the top and two U's in the bottom part. The glyph is slightly distorted here by the fact that it is caught in the binding of the manuscript.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The jury is still out, but if the name ends in -man, this would render a translation of "In the Manner of a Shield" or "Like a Shield." If the second part of her name is -ma, then some see a reference to the hand (maitl), and thus some translate her name as "Shield Bearer."

Chimalman was the name of a famous woman and deity bearer in the migration from Aztlan. She has also been described, as explained in our Online Nahuatl Dictionary, as a possible daughter of Quetzalcoatl and wife of Mixcoatl. In this case, from the Matrícula de Huexotzinco, the name is being used by what may be a macehualli woman. She does not have a title by her name, such as the imported term, doña.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

María Chimalman

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood


escudos, rodelas, armas, guerra, nombres de mujeres, mujeres famosas

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

Chimalman, a legendary woman who led the migration from Aztlan, a god-carrier,
chimal(li), war shield,
-man(i), to be in the manner of,
ma(itl), hand or arm,

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Al Estilo de una Rodela, o Portadora de un Escudo

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 507v, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: