choca (TR41v)

choca (TR41v)

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This example of iconography shows an elite man crying, which we are including here as an example of the Nahuatl verb choca, to cry. The man is shown seated, with his knees up under his chin, a white cape with red trim tied at his shoulder, and the belt of a white loincloth just visible behind him. He sits in profile, facing the viewer's left. His hair is black and his skin tone is brown. White spurts of water (tears) come from his eyes.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Other examples of people crying appear below. The Cahuallan example from the Codex Mendoza is most similar to this example, with the atl (water) hieroglyph representing the tears. Most of the other examples below show a more European stylistic for tears, with lines running down the cheeks.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 

ca. 1550–1563

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood


cries, cry, crying, llorar, llorando, llora, lágrimas, tears

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 


Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Telleriano-Remensis Codex, folio 41 recto, MS Mexicain 385, Gallica digital collection,

Image Source, Rights: 

The non-commercial reuse of images from the Bibliothèque nationale de France is free as long as the user is in compliance with the legislation in force and provides the citation: “Source / Bibliothèque nationale de France” or “Source / BnF.”