Comaltepec (Mdz16v)

Comaltepec (Mdz16v)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This compound glyph for the place name Comaltepec has two obvious elements, a round yellow circular object, representing the griddle (comalli) for cooking tortillas, and a two-tone green, bell-shaped hill or mountain (tepetl), with the usual rocky outcroppings (curling shapes on the surface, reminding us that tepetl begins with te- from tetl), and the typical yellow and red horizontal lines at the base. The locative suffix (-c) is not shown visually, but it combines with -tepe- to form -tepec, a visual locative suffix meaning "on the hill" or "on the mountain."

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Berdan and Anawalt give "On the Hill of the Comalli," which appears to be the literal translation. Might this be some kind of landscape feature that resembles a comal (in contemporary Mexican Spanish), or is it a reference to a place where comales are known to be made and sold?

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

comaltepec. puo

Gloss Normalization: 

Comaltepec, pueblo

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

mountains, hills, cerros, montañas, comal, comales, griddles

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Additional Scholars' Interpretations: 

"On the Hill of the Comalli" (Berdan and Anawalt, 1992, vol. 1, p. 181)

Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 16 verso,, image 43 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).

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