Cozcacuauh (MH484r)

Cozcacuauh (MH484r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This is a compound glyph for the personal name Cozcacuauh ("King Vulture," attested here as a man's name). The gloss is cut off, so perhaps the name is Cozcacuauhtli, with the absolutive, but other examples of Cozcacuauh point to that abbreviated version. The glyph components include the head of an eagle (cuauhtli) shown in profile, facing to the viewer's right. Its eye is open, its beak is slightly open, and it has dark feather tufts surrounding its face. Below this head is a simple necklace (cozcatl), circular, with three beads strung on perhaps a leather thong. Everything is drawn with black lines and no additional colorants.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The necklace does not have a semantic contribution; it provides the phonetic "cozca" that is the start of the word for vulture. Otherwise, the person'a name might be mistaken for simply "Cuauh," Eagle. Thus, this compound comprises two phonograms.

Cozcacuauhtli is a day sign in the tonalpohualli, the 260-day divinatory calendar. Normally, the vulture would have a numerical companion from 1 to 13, but the number has been inadvertently dropped or suppressed. Calendrics figure importantly in Nahuas' religious views of the cosmos.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 


Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Writing Features: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 
Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

eagles, buitres, águilas, collares, necklaces

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 


Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 484r, World Digital Library,,-....

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: