Cuahuitl Ixco (Mdz24v)

Cuahuitl Ixco (Mdz24v)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This compound glyph for the place name Cuahuitl Ixco consists of two principal visual elements, an eye (red, black, and white, and tipped sideways), and a tree (cuahui(tl)). The generic tree has a leader and two branches, each with two-toned green foliage. It has terracotta-colored bark and four red curling roots. The eye (ix(tli)) provides the phonetic indicator that the locative suffix -ixco is intended.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

"On the surface" or "at the surface" of the tree(s) seems less likely than "in front of the tree(s)," and so Whittaker's interpretation is the most appealing, and "-ixco" can mean either.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

quahuitlyxco. puo

Gloss Normalization: 

Cuahuitlixco, pueblo

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

trees, árboles, eyes, ojos, roots, raíces

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

cuahu(itl), tree(s),
ix(tli), eye(s),
-ixco (locative suffix), on the surface of or in front of,

Karttunen’s Interpretation: 

"On the Surface of the Tree" (Karttunen seems to support the Berdan and Anawalt reading; she agrees that Ixco means "at the surface") [Frances Karttunen, unpublished manuscript, used here with her permission.]

Additional Scholars' Interpretations: 

"In Front of the Trees" [Gordon Whittaker, Deciphering Aztec Hieroglyphs, 2021, 105); "Quahuitl Yxco" = "On the Surface of the Tree" (Berdan and Anawalt, 1992, vol. 1, 200)

Whittaker's Transliteration: 


Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Delante de los Arboles

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 24 verso,, image 59 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).