cuauhtetepoyo (Mdz65r)

cuauhtetepoyo (Mdz65r)

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This iconographic element is included here for possible utility in identifying glyph elements. It is a design from a shield held by a warrior who has captured another man by his hair. The design is a large yellow claw with four ties going up the leg (in turquoise, red, green and yellow). A black and white feather and a black and green feather appear above the bows. The shield itself is half red and half white, with the design overlapping both. The shield is round with a red band around the perimeter. Feathers that are primarily red but also white, and with a blue horizontal band toward the bottom, hang down from the shield. The warrior who holds the shield along with a macuahuitl (macana in Spanish). The warrior also has an elaborate feathered device on a structure behind his back. His hair is long and bound into a ponytail. There is red paint where his ear would be. The captive (glossed cautivo) wears a white shirt, a loincloth, no shoes, and carries a simple yellow shield with a red band around the perimeter. This person might be an Otomí, given the type of lip ornamentation. Another more carefully executed painting of the eagle claw motif is found, for example on folio 20 verso.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The stack of ties or bows are similar to the ones on the "loincloth" of the Huastec statue of a woman discovered in January 2021. Her bows also appear to be four in number, but with only three knots, just like these. The eagle's claw was a motif associated with "maize and earth-fertility deities," according to Mónica Domínguez Torres in Military Ethos and Visual Culture in Post-Conquest Mexico: Transculturalisms, 1400–1700) (Farnham: Ashgate Publishing Limited, 2017). In the calendar stone, too, the eagle's claws are clutching human hearts as noted by John Murphy, Gods & Goddesses of the Inca, Maya, and Aztec Civilizations (2014), p. 84.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 

foot, feet, eagle, águilas, pies, garras, patas, shields, escudos, rodelas, quauhtepoyo

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

cuauhtetepoyo, having an eagle claw design,
-yo(tl)-, having that characteristic or quality/inalienable possession,

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

el diseño con la garra del águila

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source, Rights: 

Original manuscript is held by the Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1; used here with the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0)

Historical Contextualizing Image: