cuexyo (Mdz49r)

cuexyo (Mdz49r)

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This iconographic example of the cuexyo design of a war shield (chimalli) is included here for comparative purposes. In Berdan and Anawalt, The Codex Mendoza (1992), vol. 1, Appendix G, this cuexyo design is the primary one, and they also provide four variants on it. The coloring of this one has a predominant yellow, along with green, red, and turquoise blue. It has long feathers as a fringe across the bottom. This classic cuexyo pattern has, within the main circle, a group of three nose ornaments (yacametz(tli)) along the bottom and one at the top. Notes published in Mexicolore state that this is a Huaxtec design.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The shields in hieroglyphs tend to be smaller and simpler (see below, right). This design (identified by Berdan and Anawalt, The Codex Mendoza, 1992, vol. 1, Appendix G) is found multiple times in the tributes lists of the Codex Mendoza. We have sampled other designs, as well. em>Cuexyo with the absolutive (cuexyotl) would be a noun, but here it seems to be modifying the noun for shield (chimalli), so it serves as an adjective.

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

una rrodela de plumas rricas desta divisa

Gloss Normalization: 

una rodela de plumas ricas de esta divisa

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, but by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Syntax (patterns): 
Other Cultural Influences: 

war shields, escudos de guerra, rodelas, yaochimalli, chimalli, yacametztli

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 49 recto,, image 108 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

Original manuscript is held by the Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1; used here with the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0)