Cuilol (TV4r)

Cuilol (TV4r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph for the personal name Cuilol ("A Painting" or "Painter” attested here as a man’s name) shows two, dotted concentric circles and, around the perimeter, six curling lines and more dots. The verb, icuiloa (or ihcuiloa, with the glottal stop), means to write or paint, and this name ends in -lol, which has a nod to the nominal suffix or absolutive (-lli). Cuilol can therefore call to mind cuilolli, icuilolli, and tlacuilolli (a piece of writing, a painting, a design carved in stone, etc.). The initial i- of icuiloa has also dropped away, but this is not unusual. The -cuil- root refers to something curved or curvy, and this glyph certainly has that. When not referring to painting or writing, the cuil root can refer to other design expressions, such as embroidery, stone sculpture, and even the cultivation of the earth.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

See below for another example of Cuilol, which seems to show two frames of a screen-fold codex with flower or rosette symbols that Gordon Whittaker (personal communication) identifies with the verb (i)cuiloa, to paint or write. Our iconographic example of tlacuiloliztli shows this same flower in addition to the two speech scrolls pointing opposite ways, as though in conversation. That example, from the Codex Telleriano Remensis, shows a woman actively painting or writing on that two-screen codex.

Penny C. Morrill translates the name "Cuillol" as "Painter" in her book, The Casa del Deán (2014, 89).

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

miguel cuilol

Gloss Normalization: 

Miguel Cuilol

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood


escribir, pintar, escribiendo, pintando, escrituras, codices

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

Cuilol, a name,
cuilol(li), a painting or a manuscript,
icuilol(li), a painting or a manuscript,
tlacuilol(li), a piece of writing or a painting,

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Pintura o Escritura

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

El Libro de los Tributos de San Pablo Teocaltitlan, also known as the Codex Valeriano and Manuscrit Mexicain 376, is hosted by the Bibliothèque nationale de France, published on line in the digital resource, Gallica,

Image Source, Rights: 

The non-commercial reuse of images from the Bibliothèque nationale de France is free as long as the user is in compliance with the legislation in force and provides the citation: “Source / Bibliothèque nationale de France” or “Source / BnF.” We would also appreciate a citation to the Visual Lexicon of Aztec Hieroglyphs,

Historical Contextualizing Image: