Iczocallan (CmpRG)

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Iczocallan (CmpRG)
Iconography

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This example of iconography naming what seems to be a landscape feature called iczocallan. There are three similar elements here, all of them yucca trees (iczotl), one of which has spots on its trunk. All three are outlined in black with tan trunks and green, spiky foliage. The cal- part of the name appears to come from calli (house), though no such structure is depicted in the vicinity. However, the -lan ending (not visualized) is a locative, -tlan (among, by, etc.) which has lost its “t” when following the “l” in the root of calli. Thus, the place name seems to mean something like “house(s) among the yuccas” (or perhaps “by the houses” made from materials from these kinds of trees).

Description, Credit: 

Robert Haskett

Added Analysis: 

This place may once have been a hamlet with one or more houses in it, but as represented on the map it is no longer inhabited. The gloss for the place name appears amidst the three yucca trees and below two maguey plants. There is a church structure nearby, but it is connected with another place, not the present one (see the historical contextualizing image). The meaning of the dotted trunk of one of the three yuccas is not clear, though perhaps it indicates a different variety or age of the tree. The icçotl is described in Book 11 of the Florentine Codex; as a tree that is “thick, black. It has a blossom; it is a blossoming one. It is rough, spongy within, with a fatty material. It swells, enlarges, bursts, blossoms” (Anderson and Dibble, “Second Paragraph, which telleth of the different trees,” 110, and see the museum and rare book comparisons, below). For more information about the RG map, see Biblioteca Digital Mexicana, A.C., http://bdmx.mx/documento/mapas-relaciones-geograficas-cempoala-epazoyuca... Mundy, Barbara E., “Mapping Babel: A Sixteenth-Century Indigenous Map from Mexico,” The Appendix, 1:4 (October 2013), Mundy (1996), and Ballesteros García (2005), particularly page 65.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Robert Haskett

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

icçocalla

Gloss Normalization: 

Iczocallan

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Robert Haskett

Date of Manuscript: 

1580

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Zempoala, Hisdalgo

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Robert Haskett

Number of Parts, Other / Comment: 

Only one tree would be absolutely necessary for this iconography to work, but the fact that there are three may be a semantic indicator that the place is "among" the trees.

Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 
Other Cultural Influences: 
Keywords: 

yuccas, trees, arboles, houses, casas

Museum & Rare Book Comparisons: 
Museum/Rare Book Notes: 

This book is found on folio 114 verso in Book 11 of the General History of the Things of New Spain: Florentine Codex, https://www.loc.gov/resource/gdcwdl.wdl_10622/?sp=230&st=image.

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

iczo(tl), a type of yucca, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/iczotl
cal(li), house, building, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/calli
-tlan, by; among; in; to; between; in the company of; below; near; often found as a suffix on place names, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/tlan

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

entre las yuccas

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Robert Haskett

Image Source: 

Relación de Cempoala - University of Texas Libraries Collections. 1580-11-01. https://collections.lib.utexas.edu/catalog/utblac:f87917e2-e3c9-4eb2-a83...

Image Source, Rights: 

Materials that are in the public domain (such as most of the maps in the PCL Map Collection) are not copyrighted, and no permission is needed to copy them. You may download them and use them as you wish. The image appears here courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin. If you do publish anything from this database, please cite the Visual Lexicon of Aztec Hieroglyphs.

Historical Contextualizing Image: