Ilhuizol (MH897v)

Ilhuizol (MH897v)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph for the personal name Ilhuizol ("Feast Day" attested here as a man's name) shows a vertical rectangle with three speech scrolls tipped up at an angle. Hatching fills the space inside the rectangle that the scrolls do not occupy. The speech scrolls point to the verb ilhuia (to speak), which is a near homophone for ilhuitl (day). The -zol (referring to old things) is not represented visually.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

This is a rare example where speech scrolls are shown as written words, words put on paper. Most speech is visualized as oral, coming out of one's mouth.

The use of speech scrolls is attested here for the verb ilhuia (to say), a phonetic indicator to bring a reading of ilhuitl (day). We also have scrolls in this collection for the verb itoa (to speak), tlatoa (to speak), icahuaca (to murmur), and for the nouns chalani (talkative one), nahuatl (language), and tlatolli (word). Further, we have evidence that these scrolls can also represent tlacuiloliztli (writing).

Because ilhuia is a near homophone for ilhuitl (day), the speech scrolls that are associated with the pintor and the pintora, writer/painters, are taken to refer to the divinatory calendar, suggesting that they were writing the book of days (tonalpohualli). The scrolls are clearly multivalent.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

dio ylhuiçol

Gloss Normalization: 

Diego Ilhuizol

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content & Iconography: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 
Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 897v, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: