Ixcotl (MH526r)

Ixcotl (MH526r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the compound glyph for the personal name Ixcotl or Ixco (“On the Face” or "Palm Fiber," attested here as a man’s name) shows a frontal view of an upside-down (stellar) eye (ixtli), which can stand for eye but also face, hence the term Ixco referring to something on the face. But the eye can also provide the phonetic value for Ix- if the name is not to be read literally, but rather stands for ixcotl, a type of palm fiber. Above the half-eye is a ceramic jug (comitl), the phonetic indicator for the -co syllable regardless of the reading of "On the Face" or "Palm Fiber." Thus, this compound is either a combined logogram and phonogram, or contains two phonograms.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The use of a ceramic jug to provide the phonetic value for the syllable -co is much more common in Tetzcocan manuscripts than this one from Huexotzinco, although it is also known in the latter. See some examples, below.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

Juan Xicotl

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

fibras, palmas, ojos, cerámica, cantaros

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

ixco, on the face, on the surface of something, in the presence of someone, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/ixco-0
ixco(tl), cotton palm or palm fiber, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/ixcotl
ix(tli), the eye, the face, or the surface, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/ixtli
co(mitl)], ceramic pot or jug, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/comitl
-co (locative suffix), in or at, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/co

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

En la Cara, o La Fibra de la Palma

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 526r, World Digital Library, https://www.loc.gov/resource/gdcwdl.wdl_15282/?sp=131&st=image.

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: