Ixmeciuhqui (MH500r)

Ixmeciuhqui (MH500r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the compound glyph for the personal name Ixmeciuhqui (which is a person of the Ixmeciuhca ethnicity), is here, associated with a man. The glyph includes two phonetic indicators, an eye (ixtli) and a maguey plant (metl), which provide the start to the name. The maguey has three branches. The eye is largely the traditional stellar or starry eye that doubles as a star, but it has added eyelashes.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

For information about the Ixmeciuhca, see for example, Luis Reyes García, Cuauhtinchan del siglo XII al XVI (1988), 117.

See below for examples of the stellar eye from the Codex Mendoza (probably 1540s) and the eyes in the Matrícula de Huexotzinco (ca. 1560), which are evolving toward European stylistics.

This is a personal name, preceded in the gloss by a Christian first name (Toribio). He may have been named after Toribio de Benavente, also known as Motolinia ("One Who is Poor or Afflicted"). This was the first word he learned in Nahuatl, and he went on to learn the language well. He lived in the monastery in Huejotzingo. Doing a quick search for the name "Toribio" will produce an impressive result.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

Toribio Ixmeciuhqui

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood and Stephanie Wood

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 
Other Cultural Influences: 

eyes, ojos, magueyes, etnicidades, ethnicities

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 500r, World Digital Library, https://www.loc.gov/resource/gdcwdl.wdl_15282/?sp=79&st=image

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: