Iyexoch (MH644r)

Iyexoch (MH644r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph for the personal name Iyexoch ("Tobacco Flower," attested here as a woman's name) shows a horizontal flower stem with a frontal view of a four-petal flower on the viewer's left. The petals are pointed and have a line down the middle of each one. The flower has a small circle at the center, making it into something of a quincunx.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Photos of tobacco flowers reveal how this glyph has some realistic features, although there should be five petals. The base of each flower is extended, and the flowers can hang horizontally.

While we think of the name Xochitl as one of the most common Nahua women's names, in fact, this is not the case. One can do an advanced search for gender (female) and any glyph contains xoch, to see some of the results. What is common is to find compounds ending in -xoch. See a few of the many examples below. The variety of prized flowers is notable.

The tears on this woman's cheek are meant to convey the fact that she is one of the widows shown in the census.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

maria Iyexoch

Gloss Normalization: 

María Iyexoch

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood


flores, tabaco, nombres de mujeres

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Flor de Tabaco

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 644r, World Digital Library, https://www.loc.gov/resource/gdcwdl.wdl_15282/?sp=370&st=image

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: