Macuil (MH648r)

Macuil (MH648r)

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph/notation for the personal name Macuil ("Five," attested here as a man's name) shows a group of five (macuilli) vertical black lines connected at the bottom with a horizontal black line.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Macuil is probably all that remains of a calendrical name that involved the number five in combination with any one of twenty day signs, such as xochitl, or the like. This would be a name given to the man as a child, depending upon the day in the calendar that coincided with his birth. By the time of this manuscript, 1560, evolution was taking place in the use of the divinatory calendar, whereby either the number was dropping away, or in this case, the day sign was lost or omitted consciously. Macuil is an especially prevalent example of this change.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

pedro macuil

Gloss Normalization: 

Pedro Macuil

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood


números, cinco, calendarios, días, fechas, nombres de hombres, tonalpohualli

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 648r, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: