macuiltecpanpixqui (MH612v)

macuiltecpanpixqui (MH612v)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This largely black and white simplex glyph (or, if not a glyph, then an example of iconography) shows a 3/4 view of a man, fully-dressed, wearing sandals with red ties, standing, and holding a huictli (agricultural tool, a digging stick). The gloss suggests that his occupation is to oversee 100 tribute-payers.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The term breaks down into macuil- (five), -tecpan- (twenties), -pixqui (keeper). This man wears Indigenous sandals (cactli) and a Native cape (tilmatli) tied at one shoulder. Holding the huictli agricultural tool is also an indication that he is an agriculturalist of the barrio. Showing colonial cultural influence, this same man wears European-style clothing (a long-sleeve belted tunic and full trousers). His black hat is also European. The way he dresses and his occupation show that he enjoys some status locally. Even though he does not have the "don" nobility title by his name, he does have the -tzin reverential suffix on his Nahua name (Mixcoatzin, "Cloud Serpent").

The artist who painted this figure conveys some colonial influence in the artistic style he uses, such as hatch marks for shading and three-dimensionality.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

diego mixcouhuatzin macuiltecpapisgui

Gloss Normalization: 

Diego Mixcoatzin, macuiltecpanpixqui

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Other Cultural Influences: 

officials, oficiales, tributes, tributos, tributarios, números, labor, trabajo, ciento, cien, hundred, coas, agricultura, huictli

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

macuiltecpanpixqui, keeper of one hundred tribute payers,

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

guardián de cien [tributarios]

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 612v, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: