macuiltzontli (TR41v)

macuiltzontli (TR41v)

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This example of notation shows five signs that resemble trees, each one equaling the number 400, which would add up to 2000. The gloss however, says 1800, which suggests an error. The notation apparently refers to the number of people (possibly warriors) who drowned in the year 1507, a date which is more clearly visible in the contextualizing image for atlan miquiliztli (a drowning).

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Another example of a notation for 2000, from the Codex Chavero, shows five bound bundles of something like sticks or hair. A sign for 400 (centzontli), looking much like the five objects in this example, also appears below. Sometimes the number five (macuilli) consists of five vertical lines that are connected at their base with a horizontal line, much as these five trees or feathers are connected.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

2000 (?)

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 

ca. 1550–1563

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood


tzontles, four hundred times five, cuatrocientos por cinco, numbers, números, árboles, plumas, cabellos, xiuhpohualli, año, turquesa, xihuitl

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

cinco por cuatrocientos, o dos mil

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Telleriano-Remensis Codex, folio 41 recto, MS Mexicain 385, Gallica digital collection,

Image Source, Rights: 

The non-commercial reuse of images from the Bibliothèque nationale de France is free as long as the user is in compliance with the legislation in force and provides the citation: “Source / Bibliothèque nationale de France” or “Source / BnF.”

Historical Contextualizing Image: