Macuilxochic (Mdz42r)

Macuilxochic (Mdz42r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This is a multicolored painting of the compound glyph and notation for the place name Macuilxochic ("At the Five Flowers"). pairing of two compound glyphs for a reading Macuilxochic-Cuauhquechollan. The reading begins on the right, with Macuilxochitl (or Macuilxochic), 5-Flower (macuilli) + (xochitl) + the silent locative, tepetl), a calendrical name. On the left, the eagle (cuauhtli) wears a headdress that echoes the quecholli headdress (as seen here: Quecholli was also a calendrical name for a month of 20 days, so another calendar name. But the full intention here was quauhquecholli, hawk eagle.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Why are there two compound glyphs here, side by side? Gordon Whittaker (Deciphering Aztec Hieroglyphs, 2021, 88) explains that this pairing reads "At 5 Xochitl" "By the Hawk Eagles," and interprets this to mean that Macuilxochic was a likely subdivision of Quauhquechollan. There was another Macuilxochic "further south in the province of Coyolapan," according to Whittaker.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

quauhquechulan. puo

Gloss Normalization: 

Cuauhquechollan, pueblo (Huaquechula, Puebla, today)

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, but by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 
Reading Order, Notes: 

Not all the elements in this compound glyph are read aloud. The elements for Macuilxochic or Macuilxochitl do not enter in the place name as glossed.


mountains, hawk eagles, flowers, numbers, calendrics, calendars

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Whittaker's Transliteration: 


Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 42 recto,, image 94 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).