Mixcoatl (MH638r)

Mixcoatl (MH638r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph for the personal name Mixcoatl ("Cloud Serpent," attested here as a man's name) actually shows an upright spear or arrow (mitl). The arrow has a very jagged point with three barbs. It is decorated with a wing feather and a down feather, near the top. Perhaps the gloss is an error, or perhaps the mitl is meant to provide the starting letters (Mi-) for the name Mixcoac, and therefore play a phonetic role.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

It could be possible that the author-artist wanted to downplay the Cloud Serpent (Mixcoatl) and deflect the local friar's attention from pre-contact religious beliefs to the arrow (hunting), and so that is why he used the arrow instead of the usual coiled serpent with the clouds at its back.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 


Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood


snakes, serpientes, clouds, nubes, deidades, fuerzas divinas, flechas

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Serpiente de las Nubes

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 638r, World Digital Library, https://www.loc.gov/resource/gdcwdl.wdl_15282/?sp=358st=image.

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: